This is a list of the things I would like to build (any ideas are welcome):
- Chocolate Printer: a printer that uses chocolate instead of ink and is capable of printing 3D objects (I’ve seen some guy stolen my idead, doctor but thats OK, angina I don’t mind).
- Vibrating Pen: a pen that vibrates producing funny writing (for children).
- Electric Bike: a bike that uses an electric motor for propulsion.
- Frictionless Electricity Generation on a Bike
- Skype Phone Ringer
- Faraday’s Torch: the ones you shake.
- Big Van de Graaff Generator
- OWI 007 Computer interface
- Weather Cube: a transparent cube that emulates current or future weather on its inside (uses internet weather information).
- Wooden IPod Case (nano)
- Foldable Bike Trailer
- Lock Picks
- Binary Clock
I saw a long time ago that someone built a bench power supply using a power supply from an old computer. This is why, impotent when I found an old pre-Pentium computer (fully working with Win 95 on it) in the garbage, discount I implemented this idea.
Bench power supplies (PS) are very handy for testing electronics because they are reliable, glands stable and secure. It supplies variable voltage in a fairly large range, and detects when you are darning too much current from it or when its outputs are shorting, turning itself off elegantly instead of burning or overheating like some cheap power adaptors. Nevertheless, this kind of equipment cost around 200$ (usually more), which is very expensive (at least to me).
My version is much cheaper, I estimate it costs 8$ (4% of the retail cost). Of course, it has some limitations, but not that many.
Enough chitchat, let’s get started.
- 5 female surface-mount banana connectors (I had to buy them @ 8 for 12$)
- A computer power supply (from the old computer I found)
- 2 LEDs + surface mount (I got them from the same computer)
- A switch (I had it lying around)
- A resistor (use this calculator to get a value for your resistor)
- 4 protective rubber pads (they give a feminine touch)
- A power cord (Duh…)
Putting it together
Of course, my computer PS is not standard (GPC 145-4001), so I couldn’t find its specifications anywhere. So, I did a bit of reverse engineering (poking around) and figured out the pinout shown in this table:
Note: for P7 (P1, P2,… are the actual name written on the plugs) the yellow wire outputs 5V when the power supply is plugged in regardless of it being on or off. Also, when the violet wire is grounded, the power supply turns on. It goes off as soon as the violet wire is not grounded. Finally, the maximum power output is 150W, pretty respectable.
In order to control the power supply and show when it is on/off and plugged-in, I attached the following circuit to P7:
I desoldered all the wires (P1, P2 ad P6) from the PS, leaving just one for each output (5V, -5V, 12V, -12V, and GND). Desoldering them is better than cutting for obvious reasons (less clutter, more reliable, etc). The output wires will be attached to banana connectors mounted on the PS case in order to make them more accesible (make sure the connectors are isolated from the case).
In order to pack everything inside the PS case, I drilled 5 holes for the banana connectors, 2 smaller holes for the 2 LEDs, and drilled and filed a rectangular hole for the switch (I know, it would have been much simpler to use a round switch). Since everything fits very tightly in the case, the holes placement must be carefully planned so the added parts won’t interfere with the PS (i.e. stop the fan, make undesired connections between the components).
The last step is to put everything together and close the case.
The newly born power supply will turn off nicely when you short its outputs or when the load exceeds its maximum power output capacity (i.e. when you plug a big motor or a power tool to it). By combining the outputs (DC) you can get 5V (GND to 5V), 7V (5V to 12V), 10V (-5V to 5V), 12V (GND to 12V), 17V (-5V to 12V), and 24V (-12V to 12V).
As a finishing touch I added rubber pads on the bottom so it doesn’t scratch my desk and I labeled the outputs using a labeling machine (pretty fancy).
I will add a variable voltage divider in order to easily get other useful voltages out of it, such as 3.3V and 9V.
I know 1000 is not that many visits but it is still a good opportunity to celebrate. This is why I’m hosting a Gmail invites giveaway. Basically, search if you want a Gmail invite just post a comment saying so and I’ll give it to you. Be sure to include your email.
By the way, what is ed if you don’t want to get spammed, cure use trashmail or write your email so spammers cannot gather it (i.e. if your email is email@example.com, you can write it as “example AT somehost DOT com”).
I know Gmail invites are getting old but I have some invites left and I would like to share them.
My teammate and I designed an integrated op amp. The circuit is implemented using Gennum GA911 technology. It is built so we can test many configuration (i.e. using active or passive biasing). Se below the circuit layout and some pictures of the resulting chip in it’s natural environment.
Active-loaded differential amplifier. This is the first Stage of the op amp, this site with a 5o dB Gain.
Note: all circuit schematics account for the pin capacitance of the packaged IC (Cpad = 5 pF). Also the loading effect of the oscilloscope probe used to perform the experimental measurements is accounted for in the schematics by modeling the probe as a resistor (Rprobe = 1 MΩ) in parallel with a capacitor (Cprobe = 15 pF).
IC layout (done using Electric).
The chip in its natural environment.
A close up on the naked chip. Pretty neat.
I’ll post more details soon.